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However, just how can you create a system that has a decentralized ledger How do you give someone the ability to update the ledger without giving them a lot of powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their work
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves this in a Really creative manner I love to call Who Wants to Be a Banker
In short, anyone who wants to take part in updating the ledger of Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do this. Whatever you need is to guess a random number that solves an equation generated by the computer system. Sounds easy, right
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Of course, this guessing is done by your PC. The more powerful your computer is, the more guesses you can create in a second, increasing your chances of winning this game. If you manage to guess right, you earn bitcoins and get to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining pc comes up with the right suspect, your mining program determines which of the current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this block represents the moment of glory, as youve now develop into a temporary banker of Bitcoin who gets to update the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve generated, along with your solution, is sent to the entire network so other computers can validate it. Its somewhat much like a Rubiks cube: The solution is quite tough to attain but very easy to validate.
3. Each computer that validates your solution upgrades its copy of this Bitcoin transaction ledger together with the transactions you opted to include in the block.
4. The system generates a predetermined amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and benefits them to you as compensation for the time and energy you spent solving the math issue.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees which were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. All the transactions in the block youve only entered are now confirmed from the Bitcoin network and are virtually irreversible.
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So thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its called mining due to the simple fact that this procedure helps mine new Bitcoins from the computer system. But if you think about it, the mining part is merely a by-product of this transaction confirmation procedure. So that the name is a bit misleading, since the main objective of mining is to maintain the ledger in a decentralized manner. .
As you can imagine, since mining is based on a form of guessing, for each block, a different miner will suppose the number and be granted the right to update the blockchain. Obviously, that the miners with more computing power will succeed more often, but on account of the law of statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the same miner will succeed each time. .
Now that you know what Bitcoin mining is, you might be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, crafted the principles for mining in a manner that the more mining energy the network gets, the harder it is to look at here guess the answer to the mining mathematics problem. Therefore the difficulty of this mining method is really self-adjusting to the gathered mining power the network owns. .
If more miners join, it will get more difficult to address the issue; if many of them fall off, it will get easier. This is known as mining issue.
Well, he wanted to make a steady stream of new bitcoins into the system. In a sense, this has been done to keep inflation in check. Mining difficulty is set so that, on average, a new block will be inserted every ten minutes (i.e., the number is going to probably be guessed each ten minutes on average). .
Now, remember, this is on average. We can have two cubes being added minute after minute and then wait an hour to the next block. In the long run, this will even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can imagine, this kind of self-adjusting mechanism has created a sort of arms race to acquire the most efficient and powerful miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin first started out, there werent a great deal of miners out there. In reality, Satoshi, the inventor of Bitcoin, and his friend Hal Finney were a few the only individuals mining Bitcoin back in the time using their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining issue was low. Since Bitcoin started to catch on, folks looked for more powerful mining solutions.