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But how do you create a system that has a decentralized ledger How do you give someone the ability to upgrade the ledger without giving them a lot of powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their job
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves that in a Really creative manner I like to phone Who Wants to Be a Banker
In a nutshell, anyone who wants to participate in updating the ledger of all Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do so. All you need is to suppose a random number that solves an equation generated by the computer system. Sounds simple, right
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Obviously, this guessing is done by your PC. The more powerful your computer is, the more guesses you can make in one second, increasing your chances of winning this match. If you manage to guess correctly, you earn bitcoins and get to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining pc comes up with the ideal suspect, your mining system determines which of the current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this cube represents your moment of glory, as youve now become a temporary banker of Bitcoin who has to upgrade the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve created, along with the solution, is sent to the whole network so other computers can validate it. Its somewhat much like some Rubiks cube: The solution is very hard to achieve but very easy to validate.
3. Each computer which validates your solution updates its copy of the Bitcoin transaction ledger with the transactions that you opted to include in the cube.
4. The system generates a predetermined amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and rewards them as compensation for time and energy you spent solving the math issue.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees that were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. All the transactions in the block youve just entered are now confirmed by the Bitcoin network and are virtually irreversible.
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Therefore thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its called mining because of the fact that this process helps mine new Bitcoins from the computer system. But if you think about it, the mining part is just a by-product of the transaction confirmation process. Therefore that the name is a bit misleading, since the main objective of mining is to maintain the ledger view it now in a decentralized manner. .
As you can imagine, since mining is based on a form of guessing, for each block, a different miner will guess the number and be granted the right to update the blockchain. Of course, the miners with computing power will succeed more often, but on account of the regulation of statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the exact same miner will succeed each time. .
Now that you know what Bitcoin mining is, you might be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, crafted the rules for mining in a manner that the further mining energy the network gets, the harder it is to imagine the answer to the mining mathematics problem. Therefore the difficulty of the mining process is really self-adjusting into the gathered mining power the network possesses. .
If more miners join, it is going to get more difficult to address the issue; if many of them drop off, it will get easier. This can be known as mining issue.
He wanted to make a steady flow of new bitcoins into the system. In a sense, this was done to keep inflation in check. Mining issue is set so that, on average, a new block will be inserted each ten minutes (i.e., the number will be figured every ten minutes on average). .
Now, rememberthis is on average. We can have two blocks being added minute after minute and then wait an hour to the next block. In the long run, this will even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can imagine, this type of self-adjusting mechanism has made a sort of arms race to get the most efficient and strong miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin first started out, there werent a lot of miners on the market. In fact, Satoshi, the inventor of Bitcoin, and also his friend Hal Finney were a couple of the only individuals mining Bitcoin back at the time using their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining issue was reduced. As Bitcoin began to catch on, people looked for more potent mining solutions.