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But how can you create a system Which Has a decentralized ledger How can you give someone the ability to update the ledger without giving them too much powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their job
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves that in a Really creative way I love to call Who Wants to Be a Banker
In a nutshell, anyone who wants to take part in updating the ledger of Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do this. All you need is to suppose a random number that solves an equation generated by the computer system. Sounds easy, right
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Obviously, this guessing is done by your PC. The more powerful your computer is, the further guesses you can create in one second, increasing your chances of winning this match. If you manage to guess correctly, you earn bitcoins and have to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining computer comes up with the right guess, your mining system determines which of these current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this cube represents your moment of glory, as youve now become a temporary banker of Bitcoin who gets to update the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve generated, along with your solution, is sent to the entire network so other computers can affirm it. Its a bit much like a Rubiks cube: The solution is very hard to achieve but quite easy to validate.
3. Every computer which validates your solution upgrades its copy of this Bitcoin transaction ledger together with the transactions you chose to include in the cube.
4. The machine generates a fixed amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and benefits them as compensation for time and energy you spent solving the math problem.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees which were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. Each of the transactions in the block youve just entered are now confirmed by the Bitcoin network and therefore are virtually irreversible.
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So thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its called mining because of the simple fact that this procedure helps mine new Bitcoins from the computer system. But if you think about it, the mining component is merely a by-product of this transaction confirmation you can look here procedure. So that the name is a bit misleading, since the main objective of mining would be to maintain the ledger in a decentralized manner. .
As you can imagine, since mining is based on a type of guessing, for every block, a different miner will guess the number and be granted the right to upgrade the blockchain. Obviously, the miners with more computing power will succeed more often, but due to the regulation of statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the exact same miner will succeed each time. .
Now you know what Bitcoin mining is, you may be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, crafted the rules for mining in a way that the more mining energy the network gets, the harder it is to imagine the answer to the mining math issue. So that the difficulty of this mining process is really self-adjusting to the accumulated mining capability the network possesses. .
If more miners join, it will get more difficult to address the issue; when many of them fall off, it will get easier. This can be known as mining issue.
Well, he wanted to create a steady stream of new bitcoins into the computer system. In a sense, this was done to keep inflation in check. Mining difficulty is set so that, on average, a new block will be inserted each ten minutes (i.e., the number is going to be figured every ten minutes on average). .
Now, remember, this is on average. We can have two cubes being added minute after minute and then wait an hour to the next block. In the long run, this will even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can imagine, this type of self-adjusting mechanism has made a sort of arms race to get the most efficient and powerful miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin first started out, there werent a great deal of miners on the market. In reality, Satoshi, the inventor of Bitcoin, and also his friend Hal Finney were a few the only individuals mining Bitcoin back in the time with their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining difficulty was low. Since Bitcoin began to catch on, people looked for more powerful mining solutions.